London in 1851
1851 is the year, and London is the place, where the first modern chess tournament was held. Adolf Anderssen from Germany won the first chess tournament. Chess is two-player board game played on a square-checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid. It originated in northwest India during the Gupta empire. The earliest evidence of this board game is found in the Sassanid Persia around, where the game came to be known under the name chatrang. Chess is also known as the “King’s Game”.